The aim of root canal treatment is to save a tooth that has been irreversibly damaged due to tooth decay, disease or following tooth trauma. The procedure includes cleaning, disinfecting, shaping and enlarging the canal (s) and then filling of the canals. This may take several visits to complete due to complexity or may also be completed in one visit.
After the root canal treatment has been completed your dentist will most likely recommend an indirect restoration (ceramic filling) to ensure the root canal treatment is adequately supported to enhance the longevity for your tooth. (See indirect restoration crown or bridge).
Signs that you might require root canal include:
Severe pain upon chewing or application of pressure
Prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures
Darkening of the tooth
Swelling and tenderness in nearby gums
A root canal treatment is typically performed in three stages, lasting between 30 to 90 minutes each session. These separate sessions can be spaced out within two weeks between the removal of nerve, fitting the temporary filler and the final sealing. Between visits, temporary fillings and anti-bacterial elements are placed inside the tooth to help settle surrounding tissue and destroy remaining bacteria.